Hossa National Park

Hossa National Park

  • Icon for path Path
  • Icon for wildlife Wildlife

The region of Hossa National Park has been inhabited for ten thousand years. In addition to hiking, biking or canoeing in nature, visitors can admire Stone Age culture such as rock paintings. The park was founded as a jubilee park for Finland’s 100 years of independence in 2017.

  • cities_and_towns

    Cities and towns

  • national_parks

    National parks

  • unesco_sites

    UNESCO sites

  • unesco_global_geoparks

    UNESCO global geoparks

  • main_roads

    Main roads

  • airports


  • cruise_ports

    Cruise ports

  • infrastructure_zoomed_out


  • infrastructure


  • grass


  • trees___forest

    Trees / Forest

  • water


Hossa illustration.

How should a new national park be developed?

Hossa National Park was founded in 2017, although parts of the area had already been designated for hiking purposes. The park’s strategy suggests measures to attract visitors to stay longer, as for now most visitors only come for day trips – which is easy thanks to a bus connection. Surveillance programmes and counting devices have been taken into use to monitor how the number of visitors is  affecting the natural landscape and endangered species.

Wonders of nature and prehistoric art just a bus ride away

The park was founded on state lands, which included Natura 2000 areas as well as state forestry lands. The hiking trails include a variety of  accessible trails ranging from 400 m to 1.5 km that offer accessible boardwalks, fishing piers, rental huts and an open shelter, lean-to for resting. Interesting sites along the trail include the Värikallio prehistoric rock paintings, which can be admired from a viewing platform and accessed easily by a bridge and stairs. Similar structures – floating platforms built with pontoons and steel mesh, stairs made of stone and metal, and wooden and wire-hanging bridges – are found in the narrow rock canyon of Julma-Ölkky lake. A bus connection from the closest town, Kuusamo just 30 minutes away was created after the park gained national park status.

Key facts

  • Location

    Hossa, Municipality of Suomussalmi, Region of Kainuu in Northern/Eastern Finland

  • GPS points

    N65°28'02.6" E29°31'06.7"

  • Protection Framework

    National park

  • Estimated number of visitors a year

    111,300 in 2020 (96,500 in 2019)

  • High season

    2000 visitors per day on average

  • Low season

    1000 visitors per day on average

  • Project Owner

    Metsähallitus / the state of Finland

  • Designer


  • Year of construction


  • Materials

    Wood, metal, stone

  • Project budget

    2.5 M euros

  • Prizes/Awards

    Finland’s hiking attraction of the year 2011, theme water routes